Though steeped in classical Persian tradition, Fereghan carpets nonetheless have a tendency toward geometric abstraction or stylization more characteristic of tribal or village weaving. As such they represent a perfect balance between the sophisticated, precise design and freer dynamic spontaneity associated with these two poles of rug weaving. Here they consist of a grand ivory medallion with a blue and red core, all brimming with finely wrought angular flowering vine-scrolls. The latter continue into the deep blue-black field around the medallion, which in turn is enclosed by grand red corner pieces with lush arabesque detail in green and ivory. The main border adapts both the color and the design of the field to produce a running vinescroll that frames the field while simultaneously providing a visual unity and consistency for the overall composition.
Fereghan carpets like this achieve a difficult balance between the refined cosmopolitan tradition of classical Persian rug design and the more tribal, geometric sensibility exemplified in Heriz, Mahal, or Bakshayesh weaving. The classical element is evident in the array of forms used here – the arabesques and vines, and the medallion format with cornerpieces. But the tribal sensibility emerges in the geometry – the stepped articulation of the medallion, and the angularity of the vines and the contours of the other design elements. Yet it all comes together with complete unity and harmony. Fereghans also balance boldness and subtlety in their use of color. Here the reds and blues contrast effectively against the white. But notice how the soft green arabesques in the red cornerpieces are emphasized, though not too much, by the white outlines enclosing them.